Premarin tablets are a form of hormone replacement therapy (HRT), used to treat symptoms of the menopause. Premarin contains conjugated oestrogens, which emulate the female sex hormone oestrogen. During the menopause, the production of oestrogen in a woman’s ovaries gradually stops. This deficiency can lead to a number of symptoms, including hot flushes, depression, sleep problems, dryness and osteoporosis. If these symptoms are sufficiently severe, you may be prescribed Premarin in order to supplement the body’s oestrogen levels. Premarin tablets are available in 0.3mg, 0.625mg & 1.25mg strengths to suit the severity of your symptoms. Your doctor will tell you which strength you need to take depending on your symptoms and risks.
All women go through the menopause. This usually occurs between the ages of 45 and 55. As you approach this age, your ovaries will produce less and less oestrogen. This has the effect of stopping the menstrual cycle, but the change in hormone levels can lead to several symptoms which may have a substantial impact on day-to-day life. Physical symptoms include hot flushes (a spontaneous heat that spreads throughout the body, leading to blushing, sweating and an unusually strong heartbeat), night sweats and dryness of the eyes or vagina. The hormonal change can also cause distressing psychological effects such as irritability, insomnia and depression. Experiences with menopausal symptoms vary significantly depending on the individual. They can begin multiple years prior to the menopause itself, and remain for many years. Women will, on average, experience symptoms for about four years.
Hormone Replacement Therapy eases the symptoms of menopause by supplementing the levels of hormones which the body can produce naturally. Premarin tablets contain conjugated oestrogens, which are natural forms of oestrogen. If you have had a hysterectomy (an operation to remove the uterus), oestrogen is the only hormone you will be required to replace. If you have not had your uterus removed, you will be prescribed a progestogen medicine alongside Premarin. This is because when oestrogen levels alone are increased, the lining of the uterus (the endometrium) will grow excessively. This will substantially increase your risk of complications such as endometrial cancer. If you have not had a hysterectomy, you may instead be prescribed another medicine which provides combined HRT.
Premarin will provide relief from menopausal symptoms within a few weeks of daily use. As your body adjusts to Premarin, you may notice breakthrough bleeding or spotting. Talk to your GP if this continues after more than a few months of treatment. HRT should only be necessary as a relatively short-term treatment as your body adjusts to the menopause. You should review your HRT with your GP at least once each year and have regular gynaecological checkups.
Premarin can also help to treat vaginal symptoms and osteoporosis, though you may want to consider other treatments first.
HRT will not prevent pregnancy in women who are otherwise fertile. Women under 50 are considered fertile until two years after their final menstrual cycle (for women over 50, this is reduced to one year). Do not use a hormonal contraceptive while undergoing HRT.
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Some Non-Medicinal Alternatives for the symptoms of Menopause are;
For Night Sweats and Hot Flushes
- Using A fan
- Cool Showers
- Wearing light clothing
- Healthy diet and regular exercise
- Stopping Smoking